Construction of smart fire protection under cloud computing
In recent years, due to the increasing number of deaths and economic losses caused by fires, traditional firefighting methods have been unable to meet the needs in terms of radiation area and rescue effect. A new fire protection system is urgently needed. At the same time, with the development of Internet technology, the rise of Internet of Things, big data, and cloud computing technology, the concept of smart fire protection was born by combining the above new technologies with fire protection. Smart fire protection is not a simple addition of technology and fire protection work, but an organic combination, integrating the characteristics of other technologies into the fire protection work through the intelligent fire protection system, so as to meet the increasingly severe fire protection needs.
Smart fire protection construction under the background of cloud computing
1 Construction background of smart fire protection system
Through the above analysis, combined with the rapid development of urban construction, the risk of urban fire protection continues to rise, the number of high-rise buildings, high-rise buildings and large buildings in cities is increasing, and the problem of building fire protection is becoming more and more prominent. At the same time, there is a lack of fire management, the person in charge of the fire unit has a weak awareness of fire safety, and the number of personnel in the fire supervision and management department is limited, so it is impossible to carry out fire safety inspections. Therefore, it is necessary to carry out smart fire protection construction under the background of cloud computing.
2 Construction goals of smart fire protection system
Use cloud computing technology to enhance the ability to predict fires, improve the utilization efficiency of rescue materials, strengthen the monitoring of management activities, and improve the ability to respond to fires. At the same time, by deepening the comprehensive analysis of fire prevention, comprehensive analysis of combat effectiveness, comprehensive analysis of office information, comprehensive analysis of fire incidents and other functions, it provides comprehensive fire protection information query and analysis for the decision-making of leaders at all levels and relevant core business departments, detachments, and grassroots brigades.
3 Structure and function of intelligent fire protection system
The structure of the smart fire protection system mainly includes a core and six modules. The meaning and function of each part are as follows: First, cloud computing is the core. Cloud computing is the core and brain of this smart fire protection system. It is responsible for the simulation and early warning before the fire occurs. It mainly uses the existing information and data, as well as computer simulation data, to predict the possible location and cause of the fire, so as to help people prevent disasters. Before it happens; dispatch fire-fighting resources and formulate fire-fighting plans when they occur, improve the utilization efficiency of rescue materials and reduce resource waste; help guide post-disaster fire prevention work after the fire is over, and help choose fire-risk post-disaster reconstruction plans mainly through calculations.
Secondly, it is supported by six modules. The six modules are: information exchange and storage module, IoT module, command and dispatch module, module, expansion module, and control module.
The information exchange and storage module is mainly responsible for the access of alarm data, the transmission of scheduling information and the storage of all information, which is the bridge between the modules; the IoT module is mainly responsible for the space allocation of firefighting materials and equipment, which is the physical guarantee for fire rescue ;The intelligent dispatching module is mainly responsible for on-site dispatching and remote command, which helps users to control the progress of fire rescue from a macro perspective; the module is the intelligent fire protection system itself, which can ensure that the system is free from external intrusions and accidents; The module is mainly for the needs of technological development, and it is convenient to introduce new technologies and new methods that can improve the efficiency of smart fire rescue; the control module is mainly responsible for controlling all fire-fighting facilities, placing them in a timely and accurate manner, and starting fire-fighting in a timely manner when a fire occurs equipment, after the fire is over, turn off the fire-fighting equipment.
The above one core and six major modules are organically formed as a whole and function mutually.
4 Workflow of smart fire protection system
First, the workflow of fire warning. Cloud computing predicts the fire according to variables (such as temperature, distribution of smoking population, fire history distribution, etc.), and then transmits the predicted results and response plans to the command and dispatch module through the information exchange and storage module, and the command and dispatch module issues command and dispatch commands. , In the command and dispatch process, the module is responsible for the guard function, so that the system is free from hacker attacks and other risks. The command and dispatch module transmits the instructions to the IoT module, and the IoT module dispatches fire rescue materials. When there is a better plan from When the outside world is introduced (such as foreign advanced solutions), the expansion module starts to start, and foreign solutions are introduced into the cloud computing core of the smart fire protection system for evaluation and learning.